The Republic of India is a country in South Asia. The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. One of the earliest civilizations, the Indus Valley civilization flourished on the Indian subcontinent from c. 2600 B.C. to c. 2000 B.C.
It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.
India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
The four religions originating in India - Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. India has large numbers of well-educated people skilled in English language; India is a major exporter of software services and software workers.
In terms of purchasing power, India is the world’s third largest economy. The country now boasts 400,000 millionaires with a combined net worth of nearly 2.5 billion USD.
Being one of the world’s fastest growing and influential economies, while keeping living expenses low, India may be a fitting option for international study. There is plenty to choose from. With over 350 universities and 17,000 colleges, India has one of the largest education system in the world.
India is also the second largest English speaking population in the world, hence it is a place where foreign nationals can easily adapt. Most Indian universities have English as the language of instruction and many consider a good knowledge of English as a pre-requisite to pursuing academic studies.
In India, you can get a very high-level education at a more than affordable price – costs are much lower compared to other countries in the world.
When it comes to higher education, India is particularly appreciated for the quality of its Engineering, Technology and Science studies. The top universities in India are broadly comprised of Institutes of Technology (IITs), of which there are currently 16 operating around the country. In the QS University Rankings for BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), half of these institutes reach the BRICS top 100.
Higher education institutions in India are divided into:
Indian law requires that universities be accredited, unless created through an act of Parliament. The Indian educational system is undergoing significant development, therefore, when you choose a university or a technical college in India, it is advisable to double-check whether the establishment is recognised by the government as an Institution of Higher Education.
To study at an Indian Institute of Technology you will need to pay international student fees. These will be higher than domestic fees and will cost anywhere between €2600 and €7500. Keep in mind that students are not permitted to work while studying in India.
The university degree system in India is similar to that in Europe. The first cycle lasts three years (four years in the Engineering specialization) resulting in a Bachelor’s degree. After another 1-2 years of study, students may gain a Master’s diploma. Finally, three years of additional study leads to a PhD.
In India, you will also have the chance to take academic programmes that are often unknown to the Western students. From the variety of universities, the number of higher education institutions and different local traditions results a large spectrum of courses.
The focus of Indian university education lies on scientific research and engineering. IT and engineering are highly popular fields of study and the number of graduates hardly supplies the demand of the Indian economy. Other popular fields among international students include:
Besides formal educational, you might also be interested in studying Hindi and Sanskrit languages with the Pandits or in learning Urdu, Persian and Arabic with the Mullahs in traditional settings. You might also like to live with renowned Ustads to study traditional Indian music. Whether you are interested in philosophy or religion, cuisine or dance, India will surely offer you the right opportunity.
An international student who wishes to apply for academic programmes in India typically has to go through the following procedure:
Both health and travel insurance are essential, as are vaccinations. These basic vaccinations for travellers to India are recommendable: diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis A and B, polio, and typhoid. Make sure you get these from your doctor at least six weeks before you leave to ensure you are protected.
International students generally come to India on a Student Visa. To obtain this visa you must have an unconditional offer from an Indian education institution.
If you will not receive a firm letter of admission from an academic institution or university, you should be issued a Provisional Student Visa, valid for 3 months, on the basis of provisional letters of admissions. Within these 3 months, your admission needs to be confirmed otherwise you will have to leave India.
Study in India: http://www.studyinindia.ind.in/StudyinIndia_StudentVisa.aspx