Taiwan, also known as Republic of China, was founded in 1912, becoming the first democratic republic in Asia. With an area of 36,000 square kilometres, land of Taiwan lies off the South-Eastern coast of mainland Asia, across the Taiwan Strait from China - an island on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. Neighbouring countries are Japan in the North and the Philippines in the South. The capital is Taipei, one of the largest cities in the country.
Portuguese sailors who first saw the island called it “Ilha Formosa”, which means the beautiful island.
The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese, but since many Taiwanese people are of southern Fujianese descent, Minnan is also widely spoken. English is the main foreign language taught in schools, thus it is spoken and understood.
Total population of Taiwan counts 23 million people, whose religion belong mainly to Buddhist or Taoist beliefs. During the country’s long history, Taiwan was populated by indigenous tribes, Dutch, Spanish, Japanese, and Han Chinese population, creating a varied culture and developing different local customs and traditions. Because the longest domination was under the Japanese rule, from 1895 to 1945, Taiwan today presents a unique culture, combining Chinese and Japanese elements.
The Republic of China is a sovereign state, with a government divided into five administrative departments: the cabinet, the legislative, the judicial and the examination (civil service). The president is elected by popular vote for a maximum 2 terms comprised of 4 years, on the same voting ticket as the vice-president.
Taiwan today is often described as economically prosperous and politically vibrant. The 21st-largest economy in the world, its high-tech industry plays an important role in the global economy. The country offers an excellent environment for learning Chinese and over the last decades it has continuously improved the standards of higher education, targeting students’ creativity.
Taiwan is known for its towering mountains and numerous mountains peaks that rise over 3,000 meters. The country is the home of Northeast Asia's tallest mountain, Yu Mountain (Yushan), which is nearly 4,000 meters in height, and has nine national parks.
Taiwan is an appealing destination for international students, due to the country’s academic resources, rich cultural environment and future job prospects. Taiwan has favourable living conditions and lower tuition rates compared to western countries. Universities have been actively recruiting exceptionally talented international students and they continue to increase number of degree courses taught in English. Another important aspect is that government of Taiwan offers numerous scholarships including for international students.
Over the last years, numerous students from Taiwan have been winners of prestigious honours and product design awards for innovative research in the technology field.
Find the best information about what it’s like to study in Taipei, including degree course offers, career opportunities, student life, living costs, and more.
There are over 100 higher education institutions in Taiwan. All schools, including higher education institutions focus on Technological and Vocational Education (TVE), which involves matching the industries’ workforce demand and student abilities in a way that leads and highly contributes to Taiwan’s economic development and prosperity. Study period for university education is 4 years, between 1-4 years for Master’s degree and from 2 to 7 years for PhD studies.
Only foreign students who meet the eligibility terms required by Taiwan Ministry of Education can apply for an undergraduate or graduate degree programme.
Check and read carefully eligibility conditions here.
Here is a list of necessary documents for university application:
Taiwan’s most popular university subject areas are engineering and technology, social sciences and management, with eight Taiwanese universities appearing in the world’s top 400 for each. Students are especially attracted to these disciplines due to Taiwan’s exceptional tradition in business and technology, being a leading supplier of computer chips, smartphones and GPS devices.
There are other universities ranked for natural sciences, life sciences and medicine, and for arts and humanities, but one of the biggest attractions for international students is to learn Mandarin Chinese.
Language of instruction used in universities in Taiwan is Chinese, the country’s official language. International students can follow undergraduate and graduate studies that are taught in English. They can choose between programmes that are 50% or 100% in English. Computer science and information engineering, health science, business administration, law, global politics and economics are a few examples of degree programmes that are offered in English in over 40 universities.
Meet language requirements for university admission in Taiwan by choosing an English language preparation course offered by English language schools worldwide, including Taiwan. By taking the right English exam training course you will advance your language skills in order to get the needed scores for IELTS, TOEFL, CAE, or other English exams.
A Student Visa allows students to stay in Taiwan and study Mandarin for up to 180 days as long as they remain a full-time student at an approved school. Students who decide to stay longer than 180 days, can apply for a resident visa only after having had student visa for 4 months.
The following documents are required for international students
International students with an Alien Resident Certificate (ARC) who have resided in Taiwan for six months must enrol in the National Health Insurance (NHI) programme at a local administrative office.
For more information, please check the Bureau of Consular Affairs in Taiwan.