Biotechnology refers to various techniques and technologies used in the bio-industrial production or bio-genetic controlled processes involving vegetal, animal or human organisms. Genetic manipulation is the most common form of using living organisms and bimolecular processes for the creation or modification of the physical properties of various types of products. Example of biotech products or practices include antibiotics, biofuels and genetically modified foods. An important medical application of biotechnology includes genetic processes that lead to organ regeneration.
Biotechnology contributes to developments in areas like agriculture, food production and security, climate control and medicine. Biotechnology can also help with solving some of the most pressing environmental issues, like oil spills, pesticide side effects or polluted water, contributing to the health of the natural environment.
Biotechnology degrees include blended curricula with a mixture of lectures in Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics, combined with laboratory work, computer applications and research and even ethical case studies. Biotechnology degrees provide solid grounding in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomic, bioinformatics, drug design and development, nanotechnology or innovation management, as well as in-depth IT skills.
Biotechnology graduates develop careers in a wide range of fields such as the chemical, pharmaceutical, food and environmental industries, in genetics and regenerative medicine, in process control, or in research and development. Example roles include bio-informatician, biophysicist, quality control analyst, biomedical engineer, pharmaceutical sales representative, or crime lab technician.Read more