Neuroscience is a sub-field of biology that specialises in the study of the nervous system structure, evolution and function. Neural science is constantly developing, but it can be divided into the branches of cognitive, clinical, computational and developmental neuroscience. Being an interdisciplinary science, it is closely related to other disciplines such as medicine, chemistry, physics, linguistics, computer science, engineering, and philosophy.
Neuroscientists focus on studying the cellular and operational levels of the nervous system, and on how these affect behavioural patterns. They also conduct laboratory experiments and theoretical research using specialised tools, techniques and computer simulations.
Most universities offer an interdisciplinary foundation compiling basic knowledge in natural sciences, mathematics, computer science, psychology and others. With this fundamental understanding, students will be equipped to investigate the nervous system with its microscopic structure and biologic processes, leading to the design of artificial intelligence systems. Specialisations in neuroscience include: affective neuroscience, cognitive and behavioural neuroscience, molecular neuroscience, neuroimaging, neurophysiology, neuro-linguistics, social neuroscience, etc.
Graduates can work in the pharmaceutical industry, health agencies, companies that deal with information and communication science, management structures in public health. Traditional neuroscience careers include neurologist, neuroanatomist, neurological surgeon, neuro-pharmacologist, psychiatrist or electro-neuro-diagnostic technician.Read more